Volume IX


Letter from the Editor

By: Nichole Muehleisen 

Dear Readers,

This year, I am proud to present you the ninth volume of Américas: The Johns Hopkins Journal of Latin American Studies. After several months of generous time and dedication from both authors and editors, without whom this would not have been possible, I am incredibly proud to present the finished product.

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Sociolinguistic Consequences of Anglophone Education Policy in 1980s Miami: The Occurance of Calques in Cuban-American Spanish

By: Byulorm Park

ABSTRACT : Since the first post-revolutionary exodus of Cuban migrants to the U.S., Cuban-American Spanish has undergone profound linguistic change. One particular element that distinguishes the Spanish of the younger generation from that of the older is the increased use of calques, Spanish terms that acquire, or are replaced by, an English significance. This paper traces the sociological roots of calques in the younger generation of Cuban-Americans in Miami-Dade County, the children and grandchildren of the Golden Exiles who arrived in the U.S. from 1958 to 1962.

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What are the core challenges to providing sexual and reproductive healthcare to women and girls in humanitarian crises?

By: Miranda Bain

Introduction: The right to sexual and reproductive healthcare (SRH) has been enshrined in international conventions, but its provision remains contested and challenging. Developing from the declarations made in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the Inter-Agency Working Group on Reproductive Health in Crises (IAWG) define SRH thus: ‘Sexual and reproductive health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being (not merely the absence of disease and infirmity) in all matters relating to the reproductive system and its functions and processes.

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Tesoros Tejanos: How Spanish and Mexican Objects Tell the Story of Texas at the Bob Bullock Museum of Texas State History

By: Katie L. Coldiron

ABSTRACT: This paper looks at a selection of Spanish and Mexican objects currently on display at the Bob Bullock Museum of Texas State History in Austin, Texas. The objects are placed within a taxonomy created by the author and informed by the curators of the respective exhibits. This taxonomy includes “Colonial Spanish” and “Uniquely Mexican” objects. Also included under the umbrellas of these two categories are objects representing Race, Religion, Treasure, and Expansion in Colonial Texas/New Spain, as well as the Texas Revolution and charrería.

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Building One Corner of a New World: Understanding Puerto Rico as a World Leader in Collective Organizing

By: Barae Hirsch

ABSTRACT: This paper looks at a selection of Spanish and Mexican objects currently on display at the Bob Bullock Museum of Texas State History in Austin, Texas. The objects are placed within a taxonomy created by the author and informed by the curators of the respective exhibits. This taxonomy includes “Colonial Spanish” and “Uniquely Mexican” objects. Also included under the umbrellas of these two categories are objects representing Race, Religion, Treasure, and Expansion in Colonial Texas/New Spain, as well as the Texas Revolution and charrería.

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Uma comparação entre sistemas universais de saúde no Brasil e na Espanha

By: Eduardo da Costa and Noah Naparst

ABSTRATO: Essa redação analisa as diferenças entre a estrutura e os resultados dos sistemas universais de saúde da Espanha e do Brasil. Fizemos uma comparação entre a estrutura e o resultado de cada sistema, com a hipótese de que as diferenças entre as estruturas de cada sistema conduzirá a diferenças nos resultados de índices de saúde, e esta tese foi validada após análise. Finalmente, a redação apresentará uma conclusão final sobre o estado dos dois sistemas de saúde e também alguns aspectos que o Brasil poderia incorporar do sistema Espanhol.

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“Unintended Consequences”: Conflicts of Emergency Care on the United States-México Border

By: Shelby Drozdowski

ABSTRACT: This paper examines the conflicts between emergency first responders, humanitarian organizations, and Border Patrol agents in regards to the health and safety of unauthorized migrants. Following the implementation of the Prevention through Deterrence program, thousands of migrants have been funnelled into the Sonoran Desert. At the mercy of its hostile terrain, border crossers are subject to a mixture of environmental and man-made hazards that cause serious injury and illness.

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Rabbit Rabbit

By: Eillen Daniela Martinez

It was the night my parents got in a fight. Not that they don’t always get into fights. We were at our dinner table: me, my mom, and my dad each seated on a single side so that one side remained empty and I could see my reflection in the window ahead. The kitchen was a haze of pan smoke from my mother burning the arepas, even though she had made arepas every day of her life. With the front door open to let the smoke out, we could feel a whispering breeze trickle into the kitchen, a rarity so early into what is normally a stagnant summer.

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